Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected countries and people globally; it has also exacerbated existing
disadvantages, poverty and vulnerabilities. The initial measures to contain the health crisis have not always considered those most vulnerable and affected by violence and exploitation. This report seeks to bring to the forefront the challenges for anti-trafficking during the pandemic and share promising practices and lessons learned in order to prepare for a more inclusive crisis-response in the future, leaving no one behind.
This is the fifth global report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), mandated by the General Assembly through the 2010 Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons.
The report comes at a time when global suffering has vastly increased vulnerabilities to trafficking. Extreme poverty is expected to rise for the first time in decades, with the continuing COVID-19 crisis casting a long shadow over our societies and economies. With many millions more women, men and children in every part of the world out of school, out of work, without social support and facing diminished prospects, targeted action is urgently needed to stop crimes like trafficking in persons from adding to the pandemic’s toll.Read full report here
Protecting society from organised crime, and in particular tackling trafficking in human beings, is a priority under the new EU security union strategy1. Article 20 of Directive 2011/36/EU2 (‘Anti-trafficking Directive’) foresees a two-yearly report on the progress made in the fight against trafficking in human beings.
Child trafficking is one of the most heinous crimes and a crime against human rights as criminals profit from the abuse of the weakest social category of all – vulnerable children. Globally, approximately 28% of identified victims of trafficking are children3 . In the EU, the trafficking and exploitation of underage victims occurs both at national level and across multiple Member States.
Landmark Forced Labour Protocol enters into force: “Ratifying countries are now obliged to implement the treaty and report on measures taken.” Committee on Forced Labour, ILC 2014.Read full report here
The 2018 Global Slavery Index provides a country by country ranking of the number of people in modern slavery, as well as an analysis of the actions governments are taking to respond, and the factors that make people vulnerable.
This year, so that we might better understand the problem, we have also included an analysis of trade flows and data on state imposed forced labour in North Korea, risk factors in the fishing industry, and the prevalence of forced labour in the cocoa sector.Read full report here
Child and forced marriage (CFM) is a human rights violation and a harmful practice that disproportionately affects women and girls globally, preventing them from living their lives free from all forms of violence.
CFM threatens the lives and futures of girls and women around the world, robbing them of their agency to make decisions about their lives, disrupting their education, making them more vulnerable to violence, discrimination and abuse, and preventing their full participation in economic, political and social spheres.
Child marriage is also often accompanied by early and frequent pregnancy and childbirth, resulting in higher than average maternal morbidity and mortality rates.
CFM may lead to women and girls attempting to flee their communities or commit suicide to avoid or escape the marriage.Read full report here
The current report, the fifth edition of the ILO’s quadrennial report series on global estimates of child labour, charts how far we have come and how far we still have to go to honour this commitment to ending child labour. The report describes the scale and key characteristics of child labour in the world today, as well as changes in the global child labour situation over time. It also discusses key policy priorities in the campaign to reach the 2025 target. The report, and the global estimation exercise that underpins it, form part of a broader inter-agency effort under Alliance 8.7 to measure and monitor progress towards target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals.Read full report here
Our campaign has evolved into the world’s largest influencing network solely focused on ending the sexual exploitation of children, with a membership of 122 civil society organisations in 104 countries.Read full report here
This second edition of the National Referral Mechanisms Handbook. Fifteen years after the first edition, trafficking in human beings has only proliferated further, as criminals have adopted ever more sophisticated techniques for exploiting their fellow human beings. New technologies such as the Internet and social media have been deployed to groom, recruit and traffic vulnerable people in a multi-billion dollar global criminal industry.
The size of this multi-part handbook recognizes not only the new challenges we face in combating human trafficking, but also new developments in our approaches and understanding of how best to identify, protect and support victims, as well as on how to prevent them being trafficked in the first place. Most notably, we now recognize that survivors’ and victims’ needs and views need to be at the forefront of the development of policy responses, and indeed this handbook has been created with indepth consultations with survivors themselves.Read full report here
The Department of Justice is responsible for the policy and administration of Government Anti-Human Trafficking objectives. We have primary responsibility for:
Human trafficking is a crime and a serious human rights violation. It occurs all over the world, including in Ireland. It takes many different forms and may be present in any community, nationwide.
Ireland is taking significant steps to combat human trafficking and respond to the needs of victims, at home and with our partners abroad. The National Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking takes a victim-centred and human rights based approach and An Garda Síochána has a specialist unit dedicated to anti-human trafficking.
It is also important that members of the public know the signs of trafficking and how to report any concerns. This website provides information on human trafficking as well as how to seek help.
This report (State of the Cyber Security Sector in Ireland 2022) has been independently commissioned on behalf of Cyber Ireland and Cyber Skills, led by Perspective Economics. It outlines the size and make-up of Ireland’s cyber security sector, assessing its economic contribution to Ireland’s economy, in addition to benchmarking and exploring potential sectoral opportunities.
In 2017, over 650,000 people lodged an application for international protection in the EU, 31,395 of whom were unaccompanied minors, constituting more than a 30 per cent increase since 2014. The number of unaccompanied minors recorded in Ireland is low compared to other EU Member States. However, consistent with EU and international trends, this number has increased since 2014. In 2017, 175 unaccompanied minors were referred to the Child and Family Agency, Tusla, Social Work Team for Separated Children Seeking Asylum in Dublin, up from 97 in 2014.
This study examines the policies and practices on unaccompanied minors following an international protection or immigration status decision in Ireland. Principally, it considers two potential outcomes for unaccompanied minors in Ireland: a positive decision for immigration permission or international protection and subsequent integration in-country, and forced or voluntary return. The situation of unaccompanied minors turning 18 is highlighted in particular throughout the report, which also presents information on implications arising from a lack of status.
Ireland has a strong record in taking measures to tackle human trafficking. That is something we must build on. This Second National Action Plan outlines in Part 1 the structures and policies we have put in place to address human trafficking and support it victims and the developments and evaluations that have informed the drafting of this second Plan. Part 2 of the Plan outlines the priorities we have identified to further address this issue and sets out clear targets for delivery.
Trafficking in human beings is a gross human rights violation and a crime generating high returns that fuel organised criminal activities. Trafficking is highly gendered and affects migrant women and girls disproportionally in terms of harm-related consequences.
Ireland is not immune to trafficking. Year after year, the experiences of front-line responders, the accounts of victims, and the data itself show clearly that human trafficking crimes are being committed in Ireland and people are being exploited in various ways for profit.Read full report here
The Human Trafficking & Exploitation Project on the Island of Ireland (HTEPII) is the culmination of a cooperative project involving several collaborators. This unique mixed-methods research project brings together senior academics at Mary Immaculate College with senior personnel from An Garda Sióchána, the Police Service of Northern Ireland, the Irish Department of Justice & Equality, and the Department of Justice Northern Ireland to review and re-assess the scale and scope of human trafficking in Ireland.Read full report here
The Government of Ireland does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included designating an independent human trafficking national rapporteur and establishing a formal national anti-trafficking forum composed of interagency and civil society stakeholders. In coordination with an international organization, the government launched a national anti-trafficking public awareness campaign. The government also increased funding for victim assistance, antitrafficking public awareness campaigns, and training. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period, even considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its anti-trafficking capacity. While courts convicted one trafficker under false imprisonment charges, the government has not obtained a trafficking conviction under the anti-trafficking law since it was amended in 2013, which weakened deterrence, contributed to impunity for traffickers, and undermined efforts to support victims to testify. The government investigated and prosecuted fewer suspected traffickers, did not prosecute any labor traffickers, and victim identification decreased for the fourth year in a row. The government continued to have systemic deficiencies in victim identification, referral, and assistance, and lacked specialized accommodation and adequate services for victims. Therefore Ireland remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year.Read full report here
Recent years have seen unprecedented progress towards embedding the child’s right to protection from sexual exploitation more deeply into the global agenda, no more so than the global mandate to eliminate the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015. ECPAT Country Overviews on SEC provide an effective tool for advocacy at all levels as well as for monitoring, including on government commitments made in the SDGs to end violence against children in all its different forms by 2030Read full report here
Report concerning the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by IrelandRead full report here
A large body of research exists in relation to youth crime. However, comparatively little is known in relation to the contexts of children who engage in serious offending behaviour and participate in criminal networks. Using a case study design, this study first identified and then examined the behaviour of a criminal network operating in a Garda Sub-District in Ireland in 2010–2011.Read full report here
A large body of research exists in relation to youth crime. However, comparatively little is known in relation to the contexts of children who engage in serious offending behaviour and participate in criminal networks. Using a case study design, this study first identified and then examined the behaviour of a criminal network operating in a Garda Sub-District in Ireland in 2010–2011.
In an emergency always call 999 or 112 or your local Garda Station
You can report anonymously by calling the Garda Confidential Hotline 1800 666 111
You can report anonymously by emailing blueblinfold
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